acquired February 6, 2018
acquired August 22, 2018
Before and After the Kerala Floods
- Landsat 8 - OLI
- Data Date: August 22, 2018
- Visualization Date: August 24, 2018
Residents in India’s state of Kerala are reeling from a “once-in-a-century” flood that displaced nearly a million people, caused hundreds of fatalities, and washed away homes. The region started receiving heavy rain on August 8, 2018.
The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on the Landsat 8 satellite acquired the left image (bands 6-5-3) on February 6, 2018, before the flood. The Multispectral Instrument on the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-2 satellite acquired the right image (bands 11-8-3) on August 22, 2018, after flood water had inundated the area. The images are false-color, which makes flood water appear dark blue. Vegetation is bright green.
Several rivers throughout the region spilled over their banks. Water from the Karuvannur River ran through 40 villages, and washed away a 2.2 kilometer (1.4 mile) stretch of land connecting two national highways. Elevated water levels along the Periyar River displaced thousands of people.
The Kochi airport remains closed due to flooding inside the airport. Water levels in reservoirs and precipitation have subsided, and the Indian Meteorological Department has withdrawn the Red Alert from all 14 districts.
References and Further Reading
- The Hindu (2018, August 16) Massive Rescue Operations on in Pathanamthitta. Accessed August 23, 2018.
- India Today (2018, August 19) Rain abates in Kerala, thousands stranded. Accessed August 23, 2018.
- Independent (2018, August 21) Kerala floods: What causes flash flooding and why has it been so severe in India? Accessed August 23, 2018.
- Live Mint (2018, August 21) Kerala struggles to rein in the river that changed course. Accessed August 23, 2018.
- NASA Earth Observatory (2018, August 22) A Flood for the Century in India.
- NDTV (2018, August 11) Over 10,000 People Along Periyar River Moved to Relief Camps in Kerala. Accessed August 23, 2018.
NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin, using modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2018) processed by the European Space Agency and Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. Story by Kasha Patel.
This image record originally appeared on the Earth Observatory. Click here to view the full, original record.